The Kurdistan Region Is Dangerous for Journalists

The Kurdistan Region of Iraq is one of the most dangerous regions in the Middle East for journalists. In the last ten years, journalists have been kidnapped, tortured, and killed for doing their jobs. The current government must do more to investigate and prosecute these crimes.

Kurdistan sacrificed many people fighting for democracy and freedom of expression during the period of Saddam Hussein’s regime. In 1991, it became an autonomous region, but, ever since, Kurdish leaders have misused power by directing political parties to kill each other’s members. As a result, they destroyed many parts in the country during the civil war.

Even after the collapse of Saddam’s regime in 2003, the Kurdish rulers did not establish a democratic system that was deserved by Kurdish society. Instead, they started to kill journalists and silence opposition in all part of the country.

From Soran to Wadat

Soran Mama Hama was a Kurdish journalist from Kirkuk in northern Iraq, where he was a reporter of Lvin Magazine. The magazine was known for preparing reports about corruption and the misused power by Kurdish officials in the city. Tragically, he was killed in front of his home in July 2008 because of his investigations into corrupt officials. Even though ten years have passed, there has been no follow up or investigation by the rulers of the city or the Region to find the murderers of Soran.

Two years after Soran’s death, Sardasht Osman was murdered in Erbil in May 2010. He specialized in writing articles about local officials of Erbil and the Kurdistan Region, criticizing them for misusing power and abusing funds. Sardasht was also final year student at Salahadin University and at the beginning of a promising career. Before he was killed, he received death threats because of his articles. He alerted the police, but they did not take his claims seriously. Early in the morning, Sardasht was kidnapped in front of his college in Erbil. His body was found two days later in Mosul, where he had been tortured to death.

In 2013, Kawa Garmiani was killed in Kalar, south of Sulaymaniyah. Kawa was editor in chief of Rayal Magazine, which also had a reputation for publishing articles critical of local officials for corrupt practices. He was also threatened many times for his reporting, but he refused to give up. Late one night in December, two armed people killed him at his home in front of his mother and his family.

Wadat Hussain was a reporter for the Rojnews Agency and early in the morning on August 13, 2016, he was kidnapped in the centre of Duhok in front of many people. His body was later discovered, also having been brutally tortured to death.

Soran, Sardasht, Kawa, and Wadat were all murdered for their reports and articles about corruption and the abuse of power in Iraqi Kurdistan. They had no any social or personal issues. They were driven to report because they wanted to have a better life, not only for themselves but for all of society After many years, there still is no serious investigation underway to find and prosecute the killers of these men by the Kurdistan Regional Government, which has fueled suspicions that there was some government involvement.

In light of the murder of Wadat Hussain two years ago this month, the Kurdistan government must try to find the identity of those behind the brutal crimes against journalists, otherwise, any token words about democracy and human rights will be worthless.


This article was first published by NRT Digital Media and the views expressed are the author’s alone and do not necessarily represent the views of CHMK, NRT or their editors. Karwan Ibrahim is a senior news editor in Iraqi Kurdistan and has studied Master in Communication and Journalism in India. 


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